Listed under categories:

- World Heritage Sites

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quick Facts:

Names:

- The Eiffel Tower, The Old Lady of Paris, The Iron Lady.

 

Constructed:

- Between 1887-1889.

 

Opening:

- March 31, 1889.

 

Founded by:

- Gustave Eiffel.

 

Main architect:

- Gustave Eiffel.

 

Total height:

- 324 meters.

 

Today:

- The number one landmark of Paris and one of the world's most recognized buildings.

 

 

 

 

 

Traveler reviews:

 

We visited Paris and the Eiffel Tower in June. We made reservations to go to the top, which probably saved us an hour of queuing! We went all the way up to the third level. Needless to say – we got a good look over Paris! The views during sunset were priceless.                          

   

- Fulham

 

 

I really enjoyed sitting on the lawn in front of the tower. We took the stairs to the 2nd level. The elevator line was huge, while there wasn’t a single person in the staircase line. Are people really that lazy? Climbing the tower is an experience on its own! Take the stairs!         

   

- Trac82

 

 

Wow! Make sure you are there at evening/night to see the tower SPARKLE!!! Once in a lifetime experience and my nr1 memory from France!    

   

- José R.F

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do You want to publish a short review of this site? Send it to us at review@worldsiteguides.com and we'll do our best to publish it!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

Quick menu;

Paris

.

.

- Arc de Triomphe
- Eiffel Tower
- Grand Palais
- Les Invalides
- Les Invalides - Church
- Les Invalides - Dome
- Louvre
- Notre Dame de Paris
- Pantheon
- Petit Palais
- Place de la Concorde
- Pont Alexandre III
- Republique Statue
- Sacre Coeur Basilica
- Saint Jacques Tower
.
.

Europe » France » Paris » Eiffel Tower

Go to download

Eiffel Tower, Paris

filmcamera

 

 

 

 

Eiffel Tower history

 

The Eiffel Tower is named after its main designer; the French metallic structure expert and engineer, Gustave Eiffel. Eiffel had previously designed multiple metallic structures such as several railway bridges and the armature for another world known monument, the statue of Liberty. This time he had his eyes on construction a metallic structure in the shape of a tower.

 

What many people do not know is that the Eiffel Tower was originally planned to be constructed in Barcelona, for the Universal Exposition in 1888, but it was turned down as it was “too expensive and strange”. Instead, Eiffel tried to build the Eiffel Tower in Paris for the Universal Exposition in 1889 and this time the building was approved.

 

 

A huge project

Fifty engineers produced over 5300 drawings of the different parts needed in order to construct the tower.  The towers 18.000 metal parts were built separately in workshop and then assembled on site by using more than 2.500.000 rivets. 

 

 

Completion

Even though the assembling was an extremely dangerous procedure, without many of the modern safety precautions, only one man was killed during the construction. The construction began 1887 and the Eiffel Tower stood finished march 31, 1889. The total weight of the Eiffel Tower is estimated to a massive 10.100 tons.

 

 

Controversy

“The Iron Lady”, as it is sometimes called, has not always been the loved structure it is today. During its planning and construction phase, many protested against the construction of the Eiffel Tower. Many called it an eyesore and the papers were filled with angry letters from the arts communities in Paris.

 

Even after its construction, the Eiffel Tower was highly controversial amongst the Parisians. One famous quote is from novelist Guy de Maupassant, who hated the tower but still went to its restaurant every day. When asked why, he said it was because it is the only place in Paris were one cannot see the structure.

 

Luckily for the Eiffel Tower haters, Eiffel only had permit to keep the tower for 20 years, after that it would be demolished. However, as the tower proved valuable for telecommunication purposes, it was allowed to remain intact even after the time had expired. As time passed, more and more people started to like the building. Today, almost all Parisians love the tower.

 

 

Events

Throughout the years, the Eiffel tower has seen a lot. People have tied new weird parachute innovations (more or less successful), an elephant have been on visit inside the tower and staircase races have been conducted.

 

 

World War II

The Eiffel Tower also experienced the German occupation of Paris during the Second World War. During the occupation, the lift cables inside the tower were cut by the French.  This to make sure Hitler had to take the 1665 stepped stairs if he wanted to scale the top, since the proper parts to repairs the lift were impossible to obtain during the war. When visiting Paris, Hitler remained on ground.

 

Thus it’s said Hitler conquered France, but he did not conquer the Eiffel tower. At the liberation of Paris in 1944, the Eiffel tower became of symbol of liberty when a French flag, made of three bed sheets sawn together, was raised on the top of tower.

 

 

Maintenance

To prevent the metal from rust, the Eiffel Tower is covered with a protective paint. Even though it can be hard to spot, the tower is actually painted in a three-tone variation paint, with the lightest tone on top and darker the further down it goes. This is to make sure that the Eiffel Tower compliments the Paris sky as good as possible.

 

The tower needs to be repainted every seven years, and as you can imagine, it takes quite some time and paint to finish the job. Each repaint takes between 15-18 months to complete and around 60 tons of paint is required.

 

 

 

Why visit Eiffel Tower ?

 

The Eiffel tower is without a doubt one of the most famous buildings in the world. If you plan to visit it, you won’t be the only one to see the tower, as it is the most visited paid monument in the world. An estimate of over 200 million people has seen the tower, on site, since its construction in 1889. Visiting Paris, but not the Eiffel Tower, is no visit at all.

 

The Eiffel Tower was at its time of construction the highest tower in the world with its 312 meters. Even though it has long lost that record, it still stands impressively tall. Today, the tower totals 324 meters, as an antenna has been added to the top. The tower consists of three levels, all normally open to visitors. The first two are accessible by both stairs and elevators, while the top level only can be reached by elevator.

 

 

Entering the tower

If you have the stamina, taking the stairs instead of the elevator is a good choice; not only will it save you some money but it is also a unique experience on its own. The views from all levels are great and the view from the top is absolutely striking. As you probably guessed, the top level is not for people afraid of heights.

 

 

Spellbinding beauty

Also, do make sure to visit the Eiffel Tower by night. By then, the tower’s 336 spotlights and 20.000 light bulbs turns something amazing into something truly amazing.

 

 

 

Eiffel Tower location

 

The Eiffel Tower is located in central Paris, France, on the classic Parc du Champ de Mars. The tower can easily be reached by subway. The most interesting way is to take the metro to Trocadéro station and approach the tower from the Trocadéro square.

 

It will give you a great view of the tower and a nice walk past Palais de Chaillot and the river Seine before arriving to the tower. For the Eiffel Tower’s exact location, use the location map provided to the right.

 

 

 

Eiffel Tower resources

 

Eiffel tower trocadero

The tower seen from Trocadero. creative commons stevecadman.

eiffel tower champ de mars

The tower seen from Champ de Mars. creative commons illiam™.

eiffel tower view

View from the Eiffel Tower. (GFDL) David Iliff.

eiffel tower dusk

The tower at dusk. creative commons Giorgos Michalogiorgakis.

eiffel tower bridge

The Eiffel Tower. creative commons chatirygirl.

eiffel tower bridge

The Eiffel Tower. creative commons ~GnondPomme~.

eiffel tower bridge

The Eiffel Tower from below. creative commons Rama.

Interactive location map. For a larger and more detailed map, check out our France map.

 

Do You like Eiffel Tower?

 

 

Click below to download your Eiffel Tower audio guide.

(If your broswer won't download the guide, right-click the botton and choose "save target as..")

download audio guide

 

Europe » France » Paris » Eiffel Tower

Go to top

Africa Asia Europe North America Oceania South America Atlas